Grasshopper

algorithmic modeling for Rhino

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DC to AC derate factor

Component Index > Ladybug > 4 | Renewables > DC to AC derate factor

Use this component to calculate overall DC to AC derate factor for Photovoltaics Surface's "DCtoACderateFactor_" input.
Overall DC to AC derate factor corresponds to various locations and instances in a PV system where power is lost from DC system nameplate to AC power.
Component first calculates PVWatts v5 Total losses, then converts them to PVWatts v1 overall DC to AC derate factor.
Based on PVWatts v5 Manual: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy14osti/62641.pdf
If nothing supplied to the inputs, default value of 0.85 will be used.

Inputs

NameIDDescriptionType
annualShading_annualShading_Losses due to buildings, structures, trees, mountains or other objects that prevent solar radiation from reaching the cells. Input range: 0 to 100(%), 0 being unshaded, and 100 being totally shaded PV module. - If not supplied default value of 0(%) will be used.Goo
age_age_Losses over time due to weathering of the PV modules. The loss in performance is typically 1% per year. Example: for the 20th year of operation, an age loss of 19% would be appropriate. Input range: 0 (new module) to 100%(theoretically: 101 year old module) - If not supplied default value of 0(%) will be used.Goo
snow_snow_Losses due to snow covering the array. The default value is zero, assuming either that there is never snow on the array, or that the array is kept clear of snow. Input range: 0 (there is never snow on the array, or the array is kept clear of snow) to 100%(an array is theoretically always covered with snow) - If not supplied default value of 0(%) will be used.Goo
wiring_wiring_Resistive losses in the DC and AC wires connecting modules, inverters, and other parts of the system. Input range: 0 to 100(%) - If not supplied default value of 2(%) will be used.Goo
soiling_soiling_Losses due to dust, dirt, leaves, other wildlife droppings, snow, and other foreign matter on the surface of the PV module that prevent solar radiation from reaching the cells. Soiling is location- and weather-dependent. There are greater soiling losses in high-traffic, high-pollution areas with infrequent rain. Input range: 0 to 100(%) - If not supplied default value of 2(%) will be used.Goo
mismatch_mismatch_Electrical losses due to slight differences caused by manufacturing imperfections between modules in the array that cause the modules to have slightly different current-voltage characteristics. Input range: 0 to 100(%) - If not supplied default value of 2(%) will be used.Goo
availability_availability_Losses due to scheduled and unscheduled system shutdown for maintenance, grid outages, and other operational factors. Input range: 0 to 100% - If not supplied default value of 3(%) will be used.Goo
connections_connections_Resistive losses in electrical connectors in the system. Input range 0 to 100(%) - If not supplied default value of 0.5(%) will be used.Goo
nameplateRating_nameplateRating_Losses due to accuracy of the manufacturer's nameplate rating. Field measurements of the electrical characteristics of photovoltaic modules in the array may show that they differ from their nameplate rating. Example: a nameplate rating loss of 5% indicates that testing yielded power measurements at STC that were 5% less than the manufacturer's nameplate rating. Input range 0 to 100(%) - If not supplied default value of 1(%) will be used.Goo
lightInducedDegradation_lightInducedDegradation_Effect of the reduction in the array's power during the first few months of its operation caused by light-induced degradation of photovoltaic cells. Input range 0 to 100(%) - If not supplied default value of 1.5(%) will be used.Goo

Outputs

NameIDDescriptionType
outreadMe!...String
totalLossestotalLossesPVWatts v5 representation of DCtoACderateFactor factor. In percent (%).Goo
DCtoACderateFactorDCtoACderateFactorFactor which accounts for various locations and instances in a PV system where power is lost from DC system nameplate to AC power. Unitless.Goo

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